Understanding Digital Camera Aperture Priority Mode

In using DSLR cameras and mirrorless cameras, or even a pocket camera class, we were treated to some choice of operating mode to control exposure. One is the Aperture Priority mode (other modes: Program Mode, Shutter Priority Mode and Auto Mode). Aperture priority mode is usually symbolized with the letter A or Av on your camera control buttons. Before going too far, it is important for you to understand the basic concepts of exposure, aperture and the concept of depth of field and understand the triangle of photography.

In aperture priority mode, the camera gives us the freedom to control the aperture value while the camera will calculate and determine the shutter speed. ISO value can we set from the beginning, or we can choose to auto-rotate ISO. Try in A or Av mode, and specify that you want to take pictures using aperture f / 4 and ISO 200. Perform metering on a subject, and see the value of the selected shutter camera. Now change the aperture value to a position f / 8 and repeat metering on the same subjects, the shutter speed will change. Continue reading “Understanding Digital Camera Aperture Priority Mode”

Learning Composition Photo: Perspective and Vanishing Point

If you’ve listened to teachers explain the theory of art of art, the word certainly never crossed my perspective. Perspective in art is how to give the impression of space in painting, how to keep objects painted the canvas (or paper) as if it really has the dimension of space. Well because photography is a lot of borrowed theories of art, especially in terms of composition, there is a need for us to know.

In photography, one of the most effective ways to give perspective on the photo is to utilize the lost point (or points lost = vanishing point). What?? point vanish? gone where? to the door of Doraemon?. No, because the named point disappeared as if an object is, the more rearward position will get smaller shape.
By utilizing these lost points, while photographing the street it will look more smaller and narrower so as to give the impression of distance. When you are photographing a row of power poles and wire, the more rearward will look shorter and eventually coincide to form a point. Well, the point is called a point vanished. See the photo above, is a large wooden bridge at the beginning and smaller backward as if the end of the two merge into one point, disappeared. Continue reading “Learning Composition Photo: Perspective and Vanishing Point”

How Stanley Kubrick Exploiting Vanishing Point Perspective 1

Stanley Kubrick is one of the most influential film directors. Besides being so detailed process of making his films, Kubrick films have a characteristic flavor which is very beautiful visually and very advanced for its time: 2001 – A Space Odyssey (1968), Full Metal Jacket (1987) and A Clock Orange (1971 ) are some of the most famous films. If you ever watch 2001: A Space Odysssey, you’ll know what I mean.


I will not review the work of Kubrick here. As you know, the film is also a visual inspiration for a photographer. to beautify the composition of a photo, it turns out Stanley Kubrick banya also utilize this technique to embellish his films visually.

8 Tips Urban Decay Photos

Old buildings that are no longer populated? mall or high-rise structures that stopped construction? Markets former fire? The house collapsed due to untreated and unoccupied? Factory abandoned due to bankruptcy? Junk cars or trains weathered? Everything is an object interesting photo. In English all the objects now called Urban Decay. If you live in a big city or a medium, such objects are relatively easy to find. Not only that, the photos that exploit the fading condition of the city can be called urban decay.


Photo urban decay became its own genre because it has another appeal. If you want to take pictures of urban decay, here are some important tips:
1. Bring a Tripod
Object as above sometimes have lighting that is not enough, because all the windows closed. In addition it allows us to bring a tripod shooting HDR as below:
Continue reading “8 Tips Urban Decay Photos”

5 Setting Camera Should Examine Before Start Taking

Ever experienced something like this?
You come home from photographing the event and realized that last throughout your photo shoot using ISO 1200, but the show held in broad daylight at ISO 200 is enough
You just realized that you are using the white balance setting to cloudy, but from the beginning of the show performed in room with neon lighting
Fundamental errors like this make us have to take pains to make corrections to the photo, if one or two does not matter, if hundreds of photos?. Okay, maybe with the help of software we can make corrections relatively quickly, but would not it be nice if a mistake like this could have been avoided from the beginning.
Basically, there are 5 settings on your digital camera should always be checked before finger pressed the shutter button the first time in a photo shoot. Please: Continue reading “5 Setting Camera Should Examine Before Start Taking”

7 Tips From Photographer Reuter photojournalism

Reuters photographer Damir Sagolj origin Sarajevo is based in Thailand. In the video duration 4 minutes of this, he is sharing 7 tips photojournalism. Please be listened to:

Here are seven tips in simple language belfot:

1. anticipation
When the crucial moment comes, you must be alert. The trick? when it comes to location do not stare, many-many photographs and hone the camera, so when the moment happens we are no longer rigid with the camera.
2. research
When commissioned in a place new, you must know all about the location, the people and the story of the site.
3. Befriend
Wherever the location where you are assigned, look for connections and friends are vital in helping to solve many problems. You will not know when the need it, but you definitely need it. Continue reading “7 Tips From Photographer Reuter photojournalism”

Tips Photographing Flowers

Photos of flowers is one of the very popular photo project for the owner of the camera, especially for owners of new cameras, photo flower almost always obliged to try. Let’s discuss some tips on photographing flowers so that the images you will be praised friends.

1. Do not force the need to park

If you live in a rural upland areas or relatively large “collection” of flowers everywhere, then you are lucky enough. Unfortunately is if you live in a pretty urban. Luckily there was a profession that the alias name florists florist. Look for the nearest florist and buy flowers from him. Indeed, so no extra cost but guaranteed you can choose the type and quality of flowers as desired.
2. Do not take pictures of the flowers

Why not from the top? because later it will seem mediocre. Try portrait from the side, or even from underneath all like the photo above. Interesting is not it? Try experimenting with different shooting angles, do not be afraid to try!
3. Dampen a flower or shoot after rain
Continue reading “Tips Photographing Flowers”

Understanding Exposure Compensation And How Setting

As great-great camera, when using one of these modes: program mode, shutter priority or aperture priority, the camera can make a mistake in measuring an object image lighting conditions. As explained in the article on system metering, the camera has a tendency to bring the images of objects close to the color of 18% gray. This is when you use exposure compensation

Exposure compensation exposure compensation alias is a way to let the camera  more / less light entering the lens lightmeter regardless of the measurement results.
Outsmart weakness Metering System Cameras
Weakness camera metering system that brings all objects to 18 gray object means white photo by the camera will be slightly darkened so into gray so the overall picture becomes an object under exposure while predominantly black photo will be explained a little gray-headed ash so that the overall picture becomes over-exposure.
With exposure compensation can we restore the photo was so under-and over-white color of white and black will be back again looked black. See the example picture below, the white color on the snow will make the camera create photo under exposure, so we need as much compensation +2 / 3 Ev (+2 / 3 stop) to make the snow look white again


Without exposure compensation
Photo below is generated with aperture priority mode and without exposure compensation. Because images of objects dominated by black, then the camera will automatically make it more light, resulting in over-exposure photo so that the color black to gray like:


With Exposure Compensation -1 EV (stop)
Due to the above conditions the camera to produce images that are too bright, then we do the exposure compensation, as set in position-1EV result like this;


With the-2EV exposure compensation (-2 stops)
What if we want to produce low key which tend to be dark again? we could darken the picture had to set exposure compensation-2EV in position (subtract 2 stop), see the results:


Setting Exposure Compensation in DSLR Camera Canon / Nikon
In Canon DSLR camera, exposure compensation settings can be done in this way (eg the Canon 60D

Use your thumb to rotate the dial quick right or left while your eyes see the LCD panel.
Rotate the camera to the left  In order to underexpose images while rotating the camera to right orders for over
You can also use the LCD screen behind the Quick Control screen like the left side above gamar
On Nikon DSLR cameras, exposure compensation settings done in this way (eg Nikon D7000:

With your index finger, push the exposure compensation button
With the exposure compensation button remains pressed, use your thumb to rotate the command dial wheel behind the camera to the left or to right
View LCD panel above, the figures while you play showed how much compensation you set expsoure
Some Notes Regarding the Exposure Compensation
Here are some notes about the exposure compensation;
Can only be used when you use program mode, shutter or aperture priority
It does not work in auto mode
For other cameras, please check the manual or just brain-tweaking itself. Well good luck

6 Tips to Reducing Flare In Photos

When the sun (or light from any light source) directly hit the front element lens are likely to appear in the final flare your photo. There are two kinds of flare in photography. The first is called specular flare, which appear as dots of light throughout the frame in the photo below:

The second is the veiling flare, where the light enters into the dark (shadow) in an image to reduce the contrast, sharpness and detail definition. Flare which is more subtle and not overpowering. Examples of veiling flare is when you are shooting backlit.
How to Avoid Flare
In the photo, flares can be used creatively and intentional to give a special impression on the photo. But in most normal circumstances we want to avoid flare. To avoid flare, the most effective way is to seek for indirect light hitting the front of the lens. There are several ways that we can do: Continue reading “6 Tips to Reducing Flare In Photos”

Highlight Camera To Avoid Overexposure Warning

Most DSLR cameras have this feature. Canon called Alert Highlights while Nikon DSLR called the Highlight Warning. In essence, this feature is used to detect the missing details of the image being too bright, alias overexposure, with the warning light blinking alias in the area over.
Of course we can use the histogram to detect over and under exposure, but the blinking highlight warning is even more instant and intuitive when you check out the photos on the LCD screen.

Continue reading “Highlight Camera To Avoid Overexposure Warning”