Immunization is the prevention of certain diseases in a person by administering the vaccine. The vaccine is an antigen that can be active or inactive microorganisms or toxins derived from attenuated. Vaccine could be through injection, such as a vaccine BCG, DPT, DT, TT, Measles, and Hepatitis B. Meanwhile, given the polio vaccine orally. Giving the vaccine early and routinely to infants and toddlers are known to raise the body’s natural immunity. The way it’s very effective, easy, and inexpensive to ward off infectious diseases.
Diphtheria diseases including infectious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheria. The bacteria nesting and breeding in the throat with a very powerful toxin. Transmission can occur through air or splashing when the patient coughs or sneezes. Toxin from the bacteria that can damage the respiratory tract and enter the blood stream can lead to abnormalities in vital organs such as the heart. The disease mainly affects children under five, when diphtheria can be warded off with DPT immunization.
Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Pertussis is caused by the bordetella pertussis bacteria lodged in the respiratory tract. Contagious disease is classified as severe disease in infants. In young children, rarely causes death. But the cough is accompanied by the breath, and vomiting can lead to malnutrition in children, its growth will be disrupted as a result. This disease can be prevented by immunization DPT.
Tetanus disease caused by clostridium tetani bacteria are found everywhere, such as in soil, animal feces, dust and so forth. The bacteria can enter the human body through wounds contaminated by dirt. In the wound, the bacteria will multiply and form a toxin that attacks the nerves. Early symptoms include muscle tension in the jaw and neck that can turn into a few days with difficulty swallowing muscle spasms, restless and easily aroused by the sound, touch, light and so on. Tetanus can be prevented by immunization of DPT / DT on the age of the baby. In addition, women who are pregnant should also be given immunization with TT (Tetanus Toxoid) to protect their babies from tetanus at birth.